Terminology and definitions relevant in the context of remanufacturing

Common Definition of Remanufacturing

The remanufacturing industry reached a common understanding of basic definitions in 2016. Six associations (APRA Europe, CLEPA, MERA, FIRM, ANRAP, CPRA) aligned on the following descriptions which are generally accepted and used by the automotive remanufacturing industry:

Remanufacturing process:

Remanufacturing is a standardized industrial process* by which cores are returned to same-as-new, or better, condition and performance. The process is in line with specific technical specifications, including engineering, quality and testing standards. The process yields fully warranted products.

*An industrial process is an established process, which is fully documented, and capable to fulfil the requirements established by the remanufacturer.


A core is a previously sold, worn or non-functional product or part, intended for the remanufacturing process. During reverse logistics, a core is protected, handled and identified for remanufacturing to avoid damage and to preserve its value. A core is not waste or scrap and is not intended to be reused before remanufacturing.

Remanufactured part:

A remanufactured part fulfills a function which is at least equivalent compared to the original part. It is restored from an existing part (CORE), using standardized industrial processes in line with specific technical specifications. A remanufactured part is given the same warranty as a new part and it clearly identifies the part as a remanufactured part and states the remanufacturer.

Remanufacturing Terminology Definitions

A dictionary of terms used in remanufacturing. 

Using the correct words is the first step to be successful in the remanufacturing industry. APRA Europe has published an overview of relevant terms which are frequently used in connection with the remanufacturing business. In this document they are defined and distinguished from each other.

Remanufacturing Translation Matrix